Tempo di lettura: 1 minuto

1118-9 Official beginnings and emergence of the Order of the Temple; nine knights, led by Hugh de Payns, the first Templar Grand Master, present themselves to King Baldwin II in Jerusalem

1119-28 First nine knights remain in the Holy Land

1128 By this time, the early Templars return from the Holy Land; beginning of the Order’s unprecedented rise and influence

1129 Jan Council of Troyes; Rule of the Templar Order established

1130 Bernard of Clairvaux completes In Praise of the New Knighthood

1139 Templar Castles in the Holy Land completed Baghras, Darbask, Destroit, La Roche, de Roussel, Port Bonnet

1149-50 Gaza granted to the Templars

1153 Death of Bernard of Clairvaux

mid-1160s Hierarchical statutes added to the Templar Rule

late-1160s Statutes on daily monastic life, chapter meetings, and penances added to Rule

1191 Templar headquarters in the Latin East moved to Acre

1191-2 Templars occupy Cyprus

1217-21 Building of Atlit (Pilgrims’ Castle), a major Templar fortress in the Holy Land

1257-67 Additional penances added to the Templar Rule

1291 Aug Acre falls to the Mamluks; Templars evacuate Atlit and Tortesa

1307 Oct 13 Dawn raid and arrests of the Templars in France

1307 Oct 27 Pope orders all Christian kings to arrest the Templars

1308 Templars questioned and imprisoned in various areas

1309 Aug Papal commission begins in France

1310 Templar trial procedures begin

1311 Council of Vienne; Templar Order formally dissolved by Pope’s first bull, Vox in excelso, but charges against the order are “not proven”

1312 Pope’s second bull, Ad providam,transfers Templar property to the Hospitaller Order

1314 Mar Last Templar Grand Master, Jacques de Molay, and Preceptor of Normandy, Geoffroi de Charney, burned at the stake